Ancient Art History
Ancient art refers to all the forms of art created by the more advanced cultures of ancient times with some level of written communication, for example, those of ancient China, India, Ancient Persia, Ancient Egypt, Greece, Rome, and India. The earliest art that has been discovered so far dates from thirty thousand years ago. The art of pre-liturgical societies is usually referred to as Prehistoric art and isn’t covered here. The most significant discovery in the history of ancient art came from excavations that took place in Greece. These yielded a vast amount of artistic influence, including Greek sculptures which don’t survive into the modern era.
One of the most important characteristics of the Prehistoric period art
is that all the art has a Near European appearance since it was influenced by Europe during the Ice age. The main article of the Prehistoric period was pottery, and most of the vessels were made from bone. Figurative paintings also appeared frequently in the Prehistoric period along with detailed pictures of animal statuettes.
The main article of the prehistoric period
was ancient Egyptian art, which was characterized by large standing stones called tumoliths. These are still present to this day and have been dated to about ten thousand years ago. The earliest known figurine from the Old Stone Age period was an ovule that represented a pregnant woman. The main article of the Neolithic period was pottery and the main artifacts were ceramic items of large quantities.
The main article of the Neolithic period
were nomadic peoples who depended mainly on cattle for their food and they were called Cavemen. The pottery was made from a variety of earthen materials, such as earthen pebbles, earthen bricks, and even a mixture of dark-colored pottery and gold. The most important decorative feature of the Neolithic period was figurines. The most popular ones were the human skull and small animal statuettes. The Neolithic Age reached its peak between about 6000 BCE and 5000 BCE with the appearance of large-sized Megaliths. Many of them were built in honor of the gods like Menes.
The main article of the Roman period
was the Roman Empire, which covered most of Europe and parts of Asia Minor. The most impressive architectural structure from the Roman period was the Colosseum, which was built in the first century BCE. The first Roman monuments were the Forum, Trajan’s palace, Herculaneum, Bath Palace, Senate, and Papasanctum. The best-known Roman monuments are the Coliseum, Trevi Fountain, House of the Vestals, Pantheon, and Musee Romanum. The main architectural trait that distinguishes the Roman Empire from the other ancient civilizations was the use of dynamic monumental buildings.
Ancient Art has an enormous amount to offer
any interested person can delve into this fascinating subject. This article briefly covers the main article of ancient art history. However, if you are interested in additional details on ancient architecture, art history, ancient civilizations, or mythology, you can research in-depth information on these topics as well.